The Pcaml module

All about language parsing entries, language printing functions, quotation management at parsing time, extensible directives, extensible options, and generalities about Camlp5.

  1. Language parsing
  2. Language printing
  3. Quotation management
  4. Extensible directives and options
  5. Equalities over syntax trees
  6. Generalities

Language parsing

Main parsing functions

The two functions below are called when parsing an interface (.mli file) or an implementation (.ml file) to build the syntax tree; the returned list contains the phrases (signature items or structure items) and their locations; the boolean tells whether the parser has encountered a directive; in this case, since the directive may change the syntax, the parsing stops, the directive is evaluated, and this function is called again.
These functions are references, because they can be changed to use another technology than the Camlp5 extended grammars. By default, they use the grammars entries [implem] and [interf] defined below.

value parse_interf :
  ref (Stream.t char -> (list (MLast.sig_item * MLast.loc) * bool));
Function called when parsing an interface (".mli") file
value parse_implem :
  ref (Stream.t char -> (list (MLast.str_item * MLast.loc) * bool));
Function called when parsing an implementation (".ml") file

Grammar

value gram : Grammar.g;
Grammar variable of the language.

Entries

Grammar entries which return syntax trees. These are set by the parsing kit of the current syntax, through the statement EXTEND. They are usable by other possible user syntax extensions.

value expr : Grammar.Entry.e MLast.expr;
Expressions.
value patt : Grammar.Entry.e MLast.patt;
Patterns.
value ctyp : Grammar.Entry.e MLast.ctyp;
Types.
value sig_item : Grammar.Entry.e MLast.sig_item;
Signature items, i.e. items between "sig" and "end", or inside an interface (".mli") file.
value str_item : Grammar.Entry.e MLast.str_item;
Structure items, i.e. items between "struct" and "end", or inside an implementation (".ml") file.
value module_type : Grammar.Entry.e MLast.module_type;
Module types, e.g. signatures, functors, identifiers.
value module_expr : Grammar.Entry.e MLast.module_expr;
Module expressions, e.g. structures, functors, identifiers.
value let_binding : Grammar.Entry.e (MLast.patt * MLast.expr);
Specific entry for the "let binding", i.e. the association "let pattern = expression".
value type_declaration : Grammar.Entry.e MLast.type_decl;
Specific entry for the "type declaration", i.e. the association "type name = type-expression"
value class_sig_item : Grammar.Entry.e MLast.class_sig_item;
Class signature items, i.e. items of class objects types.
value class_str_item : Grammar.Entry.e MLast.class_str_item;
Class structure items, i.e. items of class objects.
value class_type : Grammar.Entry.e MLast.class_type;
Class types, e.g. object types, class types functions, identifiers.
value class_expr : Grammar.Entry.e MLast.class_expr;
Class expressions, e.g. objects, class functions, identifiers.
value interf : Grammar.Entry.e (list (MLast.sig_item * MLast.loc) * bool);
Interface, i.e. files with extension ".mli". The location is the top of the tree. The boolean says whether the parsing stopped because of the presence of a directive (which potentially could change the syntax).
value implem : Grammar.Entry.e (list (MLast.str_item * MLast.loc) * bool);
Implementation, i.e. files with extension ".ml". Same remark about the location and the boolean.
value top_phrase : Grammar.Entry.e (option MLast.str_item);
Phrases of the OCaml interactive toplevel. Return "None" in case of end of file.
value use_file : Grammar.Entry.e (list MLast.str_item * bool);
Phrases in files included by the directive "#use". The boolean indicates whether the parsing stopped because of a directive (as for "interf" above).

Language printing

Main printing functions

The two function below are called when printing an interface (.mli file) of an implementation (.ml file) from the syntax tree; the list is the result of the corresponding parsing function.
These functions are references, to allow using other technologies than the Camlp5 extended printers.

value print_interf :
  ref (list (MLast.sig_item * MLast.loc) -> unit);
Function called when printing an interface (".mli") file
value print_implem :
  ref (list (MLast.str_item * MLast.loc) -> unit);
Function called when printing an implementation (".ml") file

By default, these functions fail. The printer kit "pr_dump.cmo" (loaded by most Camlp5 commands) sets them to functions dumping the syntax tree in binary (for the OCaml compiler). The pretty printer kits, such as "pr_r.cmo" and "pr_o.cmo" set them to functions calling the predefined printers (see next section).

Printers

Printers taking syntax trees as parameters and returning pretty printed strings. These are set by the printing kits, through the statement EXTEND_PRINTER. They are usable by other possible user printing extensions.

value pr_expr : Eprinter.t MLast.expr;
Expressions.
value pr_patt : Eprinter.t MLast.patt;
Patterns.
value pr_ctyp : Eprinter.t MLast.ctyp;
Types.
value pr_sig_item : Eprinter.t MLast.sig_item;
Signature items, i.e. items between "sig" and "end", or inside an interface (".mli") file.
value pr_str_item : Eprinter.t MLast.str_item;
Structure items, i.e. items between "struct" and "end", or inside an implementation (".ml") file.
value pr_module_type : Eprinter.t MLast.module_type;
Module types, e.g. signatures, functors, identifiers.
value pr_module_expr : Eprinter.t MLast.module_expr;
Module expressions, e.g. structures, functors, identifiers.
value pr_class_sig_item : Eprinter.t MLast.class_sig_item;
Class signature items, i.e. items of class objects types.
value pr_class_str_item : Eprinter.t MLast.class_str_item;
Class structure items, i.e. items of class objects.
value pr_class_type : Eprinter.t MLast.class_type;
Class types, e.g. object types, class types functions, identifiers.
value pr_class_expr : Eprinter.t MLast.class_expr;
Class expressions, e.g. objects, class functions, identifiers.

Quotation management

value handle_expr_quotation : MLast.loc -> (string * string) -> MLast.expr;
Called in the semantic actions of the rules parsing a quotation in position of expression.
value handle_patt_quotation : MLast.loc -> (string * string) -> MLast.patt;
Called in the semantic actions of the rules parsing a quotation in position of pattern.
value quotation_dump_file : ref (option string);
"Pcaml.quotation_dump_file" optionally tells the compiler to dump the result of an expander (of kind "generating a string") if this result is syntactically incorrect. If "None" (default), this result is not dumped. If "Some fname", the result is dumped in the file "fname". The same effect can be done with the option "-QD" of Camlp5 commands.
value quotation_location : unit -> Ploc.t;
While expanding a quotation, returns the location of the quotation text (between the quotation quotes) in the source; raises "Failure" if not in the context of a quotation expander.

Extensible directives and options

type directive_fun = option MLast.expr -> unit;
The type of functions called to treat a directive with its syntactic parameter. Directives act by side effect.
value add_directive : string -> directive_fun -> unit;
Add a new directive.
value find_directive : string -> directive_fun;
Find the function associated with a directive. Raises "Not_found" if the directive does not exists.
value add_option : string -> Arg.spec -> string -> unit;
Add an option to the command line of the Camlp5 command.

Equalities over syntax trees

These equalities skip the locations.

value eq_expr : MLast.expr -> MLast.expr -> bool;
value eq_patt : MLast.patt -> MLast.patt -> bool;
value eq_ctyp : MLast.ctyp -> MLast.ctyp -> bool;
value eq_str_item : MLast.str_item -> MLast.str_item -> bool;
value eq_sig_item : MLast.sig_item -> MLast.sig_item -> bool;
value eq_module_expr : MLast.module_expr -> MLast.module_expr -> bool;
value eq_module_type : MLast.module_type -> MLast.module_type -> bool;
value eq_class_sig_item : MLast.class_sig_item -> MLast.class_sig_item -> bool;
value eq_class_str_item : MLast.class_str_item -> MLast.class_str_item -> bool;
value eq_class_type : MLast.class_type -> MLast.class_type -> bool;
value eq_class_expr : MLast.class_expr -> MLast.class_expr -> bool;

Generalities

value version : string;
The current version of Camlp5.
value syntax_name : ref string;
The name of the current syntax. Set by the loaded syntax kit.
value input_file : ref string;
The file currently being parsed.
value output_file : ref (option string);
The output file, stdout if None (default).
value no_constructors_arity : ref bool;
True if the current syntax does not generate constructor arity, which is the case of the normal syntax, and not of the revised one. This has an impact when converting Camlp5 syntax tree into OCaml compiler syntax tree.

Copyright 2007-2014 Daniel de Rauglaudre (INRIA)

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